China’s Role in the Israel-Hamas Conflict: A Complex Diplomatic Balancing Act

Xiaodong Fang
6 min readNov 22, 2023

The Israel-Hamas conflict (Chinese mainstream media never called it as a war), a long-standing and deeply rooted conflict in the Middle East, has garnered international attention for decades. While many countries around the world have taken varying stances on this issue, China’s position is of particular interest.

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China, as a rising global superpower and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, plays a significant role in international diplomacy. This article explores China’s evolving stance on the Israel-Hamas issue, its diplomatic efforts, and its role in shaping the future of the conflict.

China’s Historical Position

China’s position on the Israel-Hamas issue has evolved over the years. Historically, China supported the Palestinian cause and recognized the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. It also established diplomatic relations with the State of Israel in 1992. This dual recognition highlighted China’s commitment to a two-state solution, with Israel and Palestine coexisting peacefully.

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However, it is worth noting that while China has a history of supporting the Palestinian cause, it also has a significant economic relationship with Israel, which means that China has a vested interest in defending Israel.

Support for a Two-State Solution

One of the central pillars of China’s approach to the Israel-Hamas issue is its strong support for a two-state solution. This solution envisions the coexistence of a secure Israel alongside an independent and viable Palestinian state. China has consistently called for negotiations between the two parties, emphasizing that such talks are the only path to a just and lasting peace in the region.

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Xiaodong Fang

Political Scientist studied and worked at #Georgetown #IowaState #JamesMadison | Observing #Elections and #China